...Many modern visitors have realised how completely the present so-called Jerusalem fails to correspond with the detailed
description given by Josephus in his Wars of the Jews, and as he was the Jewish General who opposed Vespasian in 69,
when he was taken prisoner, he knew the topography of the city as well as any man. Nothing in the Jerusalem of today can
be related to the early Jewish era, and its oldest archaeological remains are only late Roman. Nor does it end there.
Nothing in the groups of ruins at Petra, Sebaste, Baalbec, Palmyra or Damascus, or among the stone cities of the Haran, is

...I must now turn to Caerleon, the capital of the Silures, who, as we have seen, were really in the van of the never-
ending struggle in the north...

...Whatmore, however, culls something about its name, without suspecting the inner significance...

...The name “Caerleon” signifies the “city of the Lion”, but the lion was never a symbol of the welsh. The dragon is the
Welsh insignia, likewise the daffodil, but never the lion which was, as all are aware, the Scottish emblem (as also of
Norway). It was the most ancient emblem of the Cassi, Catti, Cad or Gad tribe, and gives an indication of origin we cannot
ignore. There is also another strong objection to the alleged site of the City of the Legions, as it was frequently described,
for Caerleon was thus situated in the centre of long and continuous uprisings and disturbances which compelled strong
military forces to be stationed amongst them, hence the reference to “Legions”. This would not apply to Wales on the
farther side of the Severn...

...Whatmore, however, does not appear to have had the slightest idea that the unrest which caused Hadrian in 120-1 to
rail off the Silures was concerned with the Jews of Jerusalem...

...Indications in fact point to its definite location in the north. The Emperor Severus divided the island into two parts,
Superior (Upper) and Inferior (Lower), and we learn form Dion that the 2nd and 20th Legions were placed in Upper Britain,
the 2nd stationed at Caerleon, the 20th at Chester. Canon Raine considers that the boundary line lay between the Humber
and the Mersey, a time-honoured division, for it seems to have been the line of demarcation in the time of Belinus and
Brennius. Thus we must seek Caerleon elsewhere than in Wales, and beyond Chester. Thomas Gale, the famous antiquarian
of the 17th century, writing of Ermine Street (the Great North Road) and its antiquities, states that the street that leads
from London to Caerleon was called Hermin Street, the name being of Mercury, formerly Hermes...