...In the records of Egypt, her eastern frontier was protected by Pelusium, originally Philistine Ashdod, which lay to the north of Hebron and
Ramoth-Gilead, as discovered by Dr Lepsius, the painstaking German Egyptologist who was constantly at a loss to discover any of these
territories in the present Egypt. The area first occupied by Ab'Bam when he led his Hebrews south, was in the eastern parts of Mizraim, land
of the Philistines, who were the “Egyptians”, whom he subdued. It explains why Manetho, the Egyptian historian, in describing the invasion
of the “cattle-men”  -  Hyksos he terms them  -  when Ab'Ram erected his fortress of Hebron (in the Egyptian tongue Abaris or Avaris, now
Avebury), says that the invader selected a strategic post whence he could dominate the Egyptians on the one side,  and hold Syria in check
on the other,  for Hebron was near the Syrian border; for all this region was originally under the appellation of Gilead, the chalk-country, as is
Wiltshire, the region concerned.  In the time of Amos, as seen in his lament, Damascus had seized these very parts.

The mention of Cirencester as originally the frontier city of Ashdod, later Pelusium, through which Assyrians, Syrians, and Babylonians in turn
had to fight their way when invading Egypt, indicates its important strategic site  -  although it stood for more than that. The necessity for
an invader to overthrow this fortress first is explained by the fact that it controlled the highways from the north to south and east to west,
and when in ancient days (and much later) battles were fought mainly by warriors in chariots, the importance of such a fortress is evident.
These highways, indeed, isolated the various peoples almost as though they dwelt on islands and communicated with one another by
channels. The regions in between, consisting of great forests, thick woodlands, moors, or swamps, absolutely forbade wheeled traffic. It may
be claimed with confidence as the accumulation of evidence has completely proved that Avebury in North Wiltshire was the Biblical Hebron
and Ramoth-Gilead; so also was Cirencester beyond known early as Ashdoth-Pisgah  -  Pisgah, “the stream”, was the specific name given to a
certain area beyond the chalk highlands of Gilead, and explained by the Marlborough Downs (termed the mountains of Abarim in the Old
Testament), when the Israelites had gathered together in the time of Moses like a swarm of bees on the border of Moab  -  now the county
of Berkshire). Balak, the king of Moab, anxious as to what would be the upshot of this great mass, called on the prophet Balaam to curse
“And Balak brought Balaam unto the top of Peor that looketh toward Jeshimar.”

According to Moses, his deity ordered him to go to the top of Pisgah, which was over the valley opposite Beth-Peor. Thence Moses climbed
up from the plain of Moab to the mountain (or hill) of Nebo, "to the top of Pisgah.”(Deuteronomy 34:1) He examined the flat country beyond
to the north and west. As I showed in detail in my previous volume, all this occurred in the area near Hebron or Abaris, in the mountains (or
hills) of Abarim, which occasioned the fears of Balak.

“Is it scarcely a coincidence that the highest point of the escarpment of hills north of Avebury is named Nebo Farm to this day? Or, that
further eastwards, on the borders of Berkshire and Wiltshire, a mile from Membury Camp, we find the height named Balak Farm?"

In this topography Ashdod lay to the north of Avebury some 2 miles away and from Nebo Farm less than 15 miles distant. It lay in this same
Pisgah region but in the vicinity of the stream not the heights. Was it a reference to the stream or streams of the young Thames basin,
about nine miles distant from Nebo Farm as the crow flies?

Ashdod, later Pelusium, was, as I have stated, the gate of entry into Egypt from Syria, the original Egyptian capital having been Rabbath-
Ammon or No-Ammon  -  later Memphis, the very ancient Avalon or Glastonbury. It was Pelusium whose defences Pharaoh Sesostris
strengthened, and it was there that Sesostris, returning from his foreign conquests, was met by his treacherous brother. As Sesostris was
the Pharaoh of Moses' time, it was in this period that the Assyrians, first under Shalmaneser and later under Sennacherib, invaded and
overran Egypt, and when the latter king also besieged Jerusalem in the reign of Hezekiah. It was then that Ashdod held the Assyrian army at
bay for three years according to Isiah, and here where later when Psammeticus awaited the Persian Cambyses, who died at Damascus.
Comyns Beaumont, The Great Deception